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City of New York

New York City Information

The City Data of New York

New York, city , land area 309 sq mi (801 sq km), SE N.Y., largest city in the United States and one of the largest in the world, on New York Bay at the mouth of the Hudson River. It comprises five boroughs, each coextensive with a county: Manhattan (New York co.), the heart of the city, an island; the Bronx (Bronx co.), on the mainland, NE of Manhattan and separated from it by the Harlem River; Queens (Queens co.), on Long Island, E of Manhattan across the East River; Brooklyn (Kings co.), also on Long Island, on the East River adjoining Queens and on New York Bay; and Staten Island (Richmond co.), on Staten Island, SW of Manhattan and separated from it by the Upper Bay. The metropolitan area (1990 est. pop. 18,087,000) encompasses parts of SE New York state, NE New Jersey, and SW Connecticut. The port of New York (which is now centered on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River) remains one of the world's leading ports.

General Information | Geographical Information | Economy | Ethnic Diversity | Later History | Points of Interest  Weather | Time Difference | New York Cinema | New York Event | New York State

[City Map of NYC]
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[City Map of NYC]
Copyright (C) Mapquest
The City Data:

  8,008,278 (Y2000)

Males: 3,794,204 (47.4%)
Females: 4,214,074 (52.6%)

Manhattan : 1,537,195
The Bronx : 1,332,650
Brooklyn : 2,465,326
Queens : 2,229,379
Staten Island : 443,728

NY State: 18,976,457
Foreign Born: 35.9%

County: New York

Land area: 303.3 mile2
longitude: 74.0'' W
latitude: 40.42'' N

Races in New York:
*White (35.0%)
*Hispanic (27.0%)
*Black (26.6%)
*Other race (13.4%)
*Two or more races (4.9%)
*Chinese (4.5%)
*Asian Indian (2.1%)
*American Indian (1.1%)
*Korean (1.1%)
*Other Asian (1.0%)
*Filipino (0.7%)

  (As of Y2002j
*murder (584)
*rape (2,024)
*burglar (27,127)
*bodily injury (31,294)
*trespassing (31,294)

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  Wide Area Map

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Geographical Information
New York City is located on the Eastern Atlantic coast of the United States, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The city center resides at the exact location of 40 degrees, 42 minutes, 51 seconds N latitude, and 74 degrees, 0 minutes 23 seconds W longitude.

New York City is made of five boroughs separated by various waterways. Brooklyn and Queens occupy the western portion of Long Island, while Staten Island and Manhattan are compeletely on their own land mass. Bronx, to the north, remains attached to the New York State mainland.

The island of Manhattan is largely a protrusion of granite, rising a few hundred feet from sea-level. The southern tip and center of the island are virtually solid granite, while areas in Greenwich Village and Chelsea are composed of softer soil. As a result of this geologic arrangement, Manhattan's tallest buildings are located in these two large "rocky" areas.

Manhattan is flanked on its west side by the Hudson River, and on the east side by the Harlem River (on the north) and the East River (on the south).

Manhattan's street layout consists primarily of avenues and streets. The space between avenues is typically much larger than the space between streets (roughly 3x).

Brooklyn was largely a marshland before it was settled in the late 1600s. The Dutch were the first settlers from the old world to colonize this borough in the 17th century. Although they shared the land with British settlers, the Dutch culture was the dominant one well into the 19th century. When first asked to join New York city as a borough in 1833, Brooklyn refused. Brooklyn, in a close vote, did not decide to become a part of New York City until 1898.

Today, Brooklyn is a borough of many neighborhoods, each with its own strong ethnic flavor. It's very rare to find a New Yorker whose family has been living in America for more than one generation who didn't have an ancestor that lived in Brooklyn at some point in their life.

The borough of Queens was named after the wife of Charles II of England, Queen Catherine of Braganza in 1683. The area became a borough of New York City in 1898 and rapid economic and physical growth followed the merger. At the beginning of the 17th century, Queens was populated largely by small farms and was predominantly rural. During the 18th century, the area started to experience growth in the area of manufacturing along the shores of the East river. After the merger with New York City the growth that had already begun increased at an ever-increasing rate.

The area has been very popular for new immigrants in the past half of this century and is largely split up into different ethnic neighborhoods that feel very much like the home countries of the people that live there. There are very few inter-racial neighborhoods in Queens and the new immigrants that come to live here tend to congregate in their own areas.

New York's two major airports are located in queens along with a lot of the industry in New York City. Queens is connected physically to Long Island.

The Bronx
The Bronx is the home of New York's two greatest landmarks, the Bronx Zoo and Yankee Stadium.

The area was named after the Dutch settler Jonas Bronck, who had claimed the area as his farm back in 1636. The Bronx is the only borough of New York that is physically connected to the mainland of the United States. The borough was largely undeveloped and consisted mostly of cottages, farmlands, and wild marshes until a large swell of Irish and Italian immigrants inhabited the area. Immigrants still come to the Bronx, but today they are Russian and Hispanic.

Staten Island
The 16th century Florentine explorer Giovanni Da Verrazano is commonly considered to be father of Staten Island because he sailed into New York Harbor in 1524 and landed on the Island. In 1687 the Duke of York offered the island as a prize in a sailing competition which the team from Manhattan won. Since that time, Manhattan has claimed the island as its own. Until 1713, when the first public ferry was started to the island, there was no way to get back and forth unless you had a boat. Finally, in 1964 the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge was built by Othmar Amman. The bridge made it relatively easy to travel back and forth.

"From the meeting of Lord Howe, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin to the British occupation or the solid defense of the harbor during the Civil War, Staten Island is a place steeped in the annals of history. Great men have inhabited the island. Vanderbilt grew up on the island and Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson both spent much time on the island. They praised the beauty of the landscape, calling Staten Island 'a little piece of the country in the city'."

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New York is a vibrant center for commerce and business and one of the three -world cities- (along with London and Toyko) that control world finance. Manufacturing --primarily of small but highly diverse types --accounts for a large but declining amount of employment. Clothing and other apparel, such as furs; chemicals; metal products; and processed foods are some of the principal manufactures. The city is also a major center of television broadcasting, book publishing, advertising, and other facets of mass communication. It became a major movie-making site in the 1990s, and it is a preeminent art center, with artists revitalizing many of its neighborhoods. The most celebrated newspapers are the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. New York attracts many conventions and was the site of two World's Fairs (1939-40; 1964-65). It is served by three major airports: John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, both in Queens, and Newark International Airport, in New Jersey. Railroads converge upon New York from all points.

With its vast cultural and educational resources, famous shops and restaurants, places of entertainment (including the theater district and many off-Broadway theaters), striking and diversified architecture (including the Chrysler Building and Empire State Building), and parks and botanical gardens, New York draws millions of tourists every year. Some of its streets and neighborhoods have become symbols throughout the nation. Wall Street means finance; Broadway, the theater; Fifth Avenue, fine shopping; Madison Avenue, advertising; and SoHo, art.

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Later History
In the 20th cent., New York City was served by such mayors as Seth Low, William J. Gaynor, James J. Walker (whose resignation was brought about by the Seabury investigation), Fiorello H. LaGuardia, Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (see under Robert Ferdinand Wagner), Abraham Beame, John V. Lindsay, Edward I. Koch, David Dinkins (New York City's first African-American mayor), and Rudolph Giuliani. The need for regional planning resulted in the nation's first zoning legislation (1916) and the formation of such bodies as the Port of New York Authority (1921; now the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey), the Regional Plan Association (1929), the Municipal Housing Authority (1934), and the City Planning Commission (1938).

After World War II, New York began to experience the problems that became common to most large U.S. cities, including increased crime, racial and ethnic tensions, homelessness, a movement of residents and companies to the suburbs and the resulting diminished tax base, and a deteriorating infrastructure that hurt city services. These problems were highlighted in the city's near-bankruptcy in 1975. A brief but spectacular boom in the stock and real estate markets in the 1980s brought considerable wealth to some sectors. By the early 1990s, however, corporate downsizing, the outward movement of corporate and back office centers, a still shrinking industrial sector, and the transition to a service-oriented economy meant the city was hard hit by the national recession.

In the late 1990s the city capitalized on its strengths to face a changing economic environment. While the manufacturing base continued to dwindle, the survivors were flexible and, increasingly, specialized companies that custom-tailored products or focused on local customers. Foreign markets were targeted by the city's financial, legal, communications, and other service industries. The city also saw the birth of a strong high-technology sector. Budget cuts in the mid-1990s reduced basic services, but a strong national economy and, especially, a rising stock market had restored vigor and prosperity by the end of the 20th cent.

The destruction of the World Trade Center, formerly the city's tallest building, as a result of a terrorist attack (Sept., 2001) was the worst disaster in the city's history, killing more than 2,700 people. In addition to the wrenching horror of the attack and the blow to the city's pride, New York lost some 10% of its commercial office space and faced months of cleanup and years of reconstruction. The crisis brought national prominence and international renown to Mayor Rudy Giuliani, who provided the city with a forceful and calming focus in the weeks after the attack. Michael R. Bloomberg, a Republican, succeeded Giuliani as mayor in 2002

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Points of Interest and Educational and Cultural Facilities
The city's many bridges include the George Washington Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge, Henry Hudson Bridge, Triborough Bridge, the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge, the Throgs Neck Bridge, and the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. The Holland Tunnel (the first vehicular tunnel under the Hudson) and the Lincoln Tunnel link Manhattan with New Jersey. The Queens-Midtown Tunnel and the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, both under the East River, connect Manhattan with W Long Island. Islands in the East River include Roosevelt Island, Rikers Island (site of a city penitentiary), and Randalls Island (with Downing Stadium). In New York Bay are Liberty Island (with the Statue of Liberty); Governors Island; and Ellis Island. New York City is the seat of the United Nations. Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is a complex of buildings housing the Metropolitan Opera Company, the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, the New York City Ballet, the New York City Opera, and the Juilliard School. Also in the city are Carnegie Hall and New York City Center, featuring performances by musical and theatrical companies.

Among the best known of the city's many museums and scientific collections are the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (designed by Frank Lloyd Wright), the Frick Collection (housed in the Frick mansion), the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Neue Galerie, the Museum of the City of New York, the Museum of Jewish HeritageŠa Living Memorial to the Holocaust, the American Museum of Natural History (with the Hayden Planetarium), the museum and library of the New-York Historical Society, the Brooklyn Museum (see Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences), and the Museum of Television and Radio. The New York Public Library is the largest in the United States. Major educational institutions include the City Univ. of New York (see New York, City Univ. of), Columbia Univ., Cooper Union, Fordham Univ., General Theological Seminary, Jewish Theological Seminary, New School for Social Research, New York Univ., and Union Theological Seminary. A center for medical treatment and research, New York has more than 130 hospitals and several medical schools. Noted hospitals include Bellevue Hospital, Mt. Sinai Hospital (part of Mt. Sinai NYU Health), and New York-Presbyterian Hospital (encompassing Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center and New York Weill Cornell Medical Center). Among New York's noted houses of worship are Trinity Church, St. Paul's Chapel (dedicated 1776), Saint Patrick's Cathedral, the Cathedral of St. John the Divine (see Saint John the Divine, Cathedral of), Riverside Church, and Temple Emanu-El.

New York's parks and recreation centers include parts of Gateway National Recreation Area (see National Parks and Monuments, table); Central Park, the Battery, Washington Square Park, Riverside Park, and Fort Tryon Park (with the Cloisters) in Manhattan; the New York Zoological Park (Bronx Zoo) and the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx; Coney Island (with a boardwalk, beaches, and an aquarium) and Prospect Park in Brooklyn; and Flushing MeadowsŠCorona Park (the site of two World's Fairs, two museums, a botanic garden, and a zoo). Sports events are held at Madison Square Garden in Manhattan, home to the Knickerbockers (basketball) and Rangers (hockey); at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, home to the Yankees (baseball); and at Shea Stadium (home to baseball's Mets) and Arthur Ashe Stadium (home to the U.S. Open in tennis) in Queens. In the suburbs are the homes of the Islanders (hockey; in Uniondale, Long Island) and the Giants and the Jets (football; at the Meadowlands, in East Rutherford, N.J.).

Other places of interest are Rockefeller Center; Battery Park City; Greenwich Village, with its cafe and restaurants; and Times Square, with its lights and theaters. Of historic interest are Fraunces Tavern (built 1719), where Washington said farewell to his officers after the American Revolution; Gracie Mansion (built late 18th cent.), now the official mayoral residence; the Edgar Allan Poe Cottage; and Grant's Tomb.

*Quoted from Encycropedia (
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Average weather in New York, NY

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temp. (°F) 32.4 34.8 42.4 52.3 62.5 71.4 76.9 75.6 68.2 57.3 47.4 37.7
Average temp. (°C) 0.2 1.5 5.7 11.3 16.9 21.9 24.9 24.2 20.1 14.0 8.6 3.2
High temperature (°F) 38.4 41.3 49.7 60.3 70.7 79.2 84.5 82.9 75.4 64.2 53.5 43.4
Low temperature (°F) 26.4 28.3 35.2 44.3 54.3 63.6 69.3 68.3 61.1 50.3 41.3 31.8
Precipitation (in) 3.8 2.9 4.1 3.9 4.4 3.7 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.7

New York Event
Empire State Building Run Up
This is the racing event to run up the skyscraper, Empire State bldg. from the 1st floor to the 86th floor, observatory and will be held in early Feb. or Mar.

St. Patrick's Day Parade
It is the Irish festival held on Mar. 17th around through 44th to 86th on 5th Avenue. 5th Avenue will be filled with Irish color.

Easter Parade
It will be held in Easter Sunday's at 10:00-16:00. 5th Avenu through 49th to 57th St. will be displayed with various Easter decoration.

Five Boro Bike Tour
Five Boro Bike Tour is the bike race start from Battery park and goes through all 5 districts of New York City with 42 miles long. It will be held on last Sunday in every Apr. and more than 20 thousands of poeple will participate.

9th Ave. International Food Festival
This is an ethnic event held in 3rd Sunday in May at International Food Market in Midtown. You'd better to go there with hunger.

Washington Square Outdoor Art Show
During the last week of May to 3rd June, the streets in Village near Washington Square will be changed into the gallery while day time.

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The Met in the Parks
During the summer season from June, Metropolitan Opera will have a non-charged performance at the parks in each district of New York City.

Music for City Evening
"Music for City Evening" is the non-charged concert with famous musicians held at Channel Garden in Rockefeller Center, Exson Plaza and McGraw-Hill Plaza. It will be held on every Tuesday and Thursday in the evening during the middle of June and the middle of Aug.

New York Philharmonic in the Park
It is the non-charged classic concert with New York Philharmonic orchestra at the each park in New York City. The fire works will be in the first day. The concert program will change everyday.

Shakespeare in the Park
From the early July to the end of August, at Delacorte Theater in Central Park, Shkespeare Play will be performed without charging.

Harlem Week
Harlem Week is the biggest festival of black and Hispanic people held by the chambers of commers of Uptown in the middle of August.

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New York Dance Festival
New York Dance Festival is the dance festival held at Delacorte Theater in Central Park in the middle of September. It will open at 20:00 without charge and will perform various type of dance performance.

San Gennaro Festival
It is the biggest event of Little Italy held for about two week in the middle of September. There will be two parades this year, each featuring the Statue of San Gennaro. Each parade will begin on Mulberry Street between Canal and Bayard Streets (one block south of Canal Street), and will proceed north along Mulberry Street to East Houston Street, east along Houston for one block to Mott Street, south on Mott to Grand Street, west on Grand to Mulberry and south on Mulberry to Canal.

New York is Book Country
New York is Book Country will be held on the 3rd Sunday in September around 48th - 57th Streets on 5th Avenue. The open store by the publishing companies will fill out the avenue.
New York Film Festival
New York Film Festival will be held from th 3rd week of September for three weeks at Alice Tully Hall in Lincoln Center.

Columbus Day Parade
It will be on the 2nd Monday in October as a festival for the discovery of the American continent by Columbus. The parade will start from 44th Street to 86th Street on 5th Avenue.

Greenwitch Village Halloween Parade
It is the Halloween Parade on 31th, October in Greenwitch Village and one of the popular parade in New York.

Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
It is the one of the biggest parade held on 4th Thursday of November. The parade is for Thanksgiving Day starting from 77th St. on Broadway toward 34th, Helard Square Park.

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Rockfeller Center Tree Lighting Ceremony
This event is the one of the most famous event which will be on the world wide broadcasting and the date is determined by Rockefeller Center. From this event, Christmas illumination can be seen everywhere.

5th Avenue Holiday Festival
The pedestrian precinct will be held two weeks before Christmas on Monday bet 34th St. and 57th St. on 5th Ave. The area well known for shopping will be crowded with a lot of people enjoying Christmas.

New Year's Eve
This is the another world famous traditional conting down event in the New Year's Eve at Times Square began in 1904. Everybody will watch the apple-shaped ball with 180 electric lamps coming down.

Winter Festival
It is the one day event held in early Jan. at Great Lawn in Central Park. Crosscountry, Ice sculpture and Fashionshow will be held.

Chinese New Year
During the Chinese New Year week, China Town will be the most exciting period through the year. Restaurant will serve special menu and the street will be filled with people enjoying parade.

Chinese Lantern Day Parade
Chinese Lantern Day is Jan. 15th on the ancient calendar. Every kids living in China Town will hold lantern for the may and walk to the City Hall.

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Data of New York State
Population (as of FY2000) : 18,976,457
Counties : 62
Depth (North-South) : 310 miles
Length (East-West) : 440 miles, including Long Island
Highest mountain : Mount Marcy, 5,344 feet
Highest waterfall : Taughannock, 215 feet
Lakes and ponds : 4,000
Land area : 47,224 square miles, ranks 30th among states
Largest city : New York City
Largest Lake : Oneida, 79.8 square miles
Longest river : Hudson, 300 miles
State Capital : Albany
State motto : Excelsior which means Ever Upward
State nickname : Empire State
State song : "I Love New York"
Towns and villages : almost 1,500

The state of New York is fan-shaped and has the national border to Canada at the north. The Niagara Falls bet. Lake Erie and Lake Ontario belongs to the state. New York City is located on the sourhern edge of the state.
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Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Satoshi Shimizu. All Rights Reserved.
Last Update : 2006/09/30
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